Publications

By Beata Bruggeman-Sekowska When you are in the capital city of Poland Warsaw you definitely cannot miss Marszałkowska Residential District (MDM) and the Constitution Square, which will bring you back in the communist times. When the construction of the Warsaw W-Z route was successfully completed in 1949, the communist authorities intended to create a flagship […]

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Interview by Beata Bruggeman-Sękowska with David Hill and Ilona Karwinska, directors of ‘Neon Muzeum’ in Warsaw, first and only museum of its kind in Europe about neon signs in Poland and Hungary in communist times.   David Hill and Ilona Karwinska @Neon Muzeum     Beata Bruggeman-Sękowska: You are Poland’s unofficial ambassadors of neon signs. […]

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Mr Jacek Jaśkowiak, mayor of Poznań prepared an exclusive statement for EIOCO on the 65th anniversary of Poznań uprising.   By Beata Bruggeman-Sekowska       Statement of the Mayor of Poznań Mr Jacek Jaśkowiak   On June 28, 1956, the road to freedom began in Poznań. Workers from Poznań factories took to the streets […]

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By Beata Bruggeman-Sekowska   65 years ago on the 28 June of 1956, at 6 a.m. Poznań ( city in the western part of Poland) riots started at  the multifactory complex of Joseph’s Stalin’s (or ‘Cegielski’s) Metal Industries. Approximately 100,000 people gathered in the city centre near the local Ministry of Public Security building demanding better […]

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By Beata Bruggeman-Sekowska   Milada Horáková was a lawyer, politician who was convicted on fabricated charges of conspiracy and treason and murdered by communists in the communist Czechoslovakia on June 27 1950 by hanging at the age of 48. She died after being strangled for more than 13 minutes. Her remains were never found. Many […]

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By Beata Bruggeman-Sekowska On June 14 Lithuania marks the Day of Mourning and Hope, and the Day of Occupation and Genocide. On June 14, 1941 at 3 o’clock in the morning the Soviet authorities started mass deportations and arrests. This was the first wave of Soviet mass deportations in Lithuania During 1941 and 1953 some […]

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Beata Bruggeman-Sekowska   During the parliamentary elections on the 4th of June 1989 Polish people voted on the Citizens’Committee, an opposition group around Lech Wałęsa, which led to the end of communism in Poland. This in turn led to the wave of changes across Central and Eastern Europe. These were the first elections in Poland […]

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In 1891, Eugen Richter predicted what the GDR would look like more than half a century later   Patrick van Schie   Karl Marx and his followers dissected “capitalist” society (in their own way) and predicted the revolution, but Marx and his followers remained vague about what post-revolution “socialist” society would look like. One of […]

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    By Patrick van Schie   On March 5, 1946, Winston Churchill gave a speech  in Fulton, a city in Missouri, USA. The British war leader, Prime Minister until more than six months earlier, received an honorary doctorate from Westminster College in Fulton. He began his speech in a Churchillian way by saying that […]

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Disclosures by an Experience Expert in 1946-47: Victor Kravchenko’s I Chose Freedom   By Patrick van Schie   In April 1944, a senior official from the Soviet Union’s “trade delegation” defected to the United States. Victor Kravchenko, an engineer, was tasked with Lend Lease deliveries during World War II to the Soviet Union – that […]

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